Skip to content ↓

St John's C of E Middle School Academy


Personal Learning and Thinking Skills in PE

The PE programme of study provides opportunities to plan sequences of work, learning outcomes and teaching approaches to ensure PLTS form an integral part of subject teaching and learning.

Independent enquirers

Learning how to be successful in different artistic, aesthetic, creative, competitive, and challenge-type activities and situations requires pupils to plan what they are going to do and how to go about doing it as an individual or as part of a group or team. Pupils need to make informed and reasoned decisions that take into account their responsibility to themselves and others and, when applied, will contribute to the success of a performance.

Creative thinkers

PE requires individuals, groups and teams to use their imagination to arrive at their own solutions to solving tasks and performing in different activities. They need to come up with their own ideas, selecting and applying the most appropriate in order to be effective and successful. Often the more creative and innovative the skills, techniques, tactics and compositional principles used, the greater the overall success of the performance. In most activities, the need to respond to what is happening requires a degree of creative improvisation.

Team workers

The key process of selecting and using tactics, strategies and compositional ideas effectively often requires students to work with others to plan, perform and evaluate in artistic, aesthetic, creative, competitive, and challenge-type activities. To be effective and successful when working together, pupils need to learn to take account of each other’s strengths and weaknesses and to take responsibility for the part they play in the group’s or team’s performance. Pupils learn to listen to and act on each other’s suggestions, reach agreement on ways forward and take collective responsibility for their performances, successes and failures. Working collaboratively with others to organise, manage, officiate and run festivals, tournaments, competitions and events enables pupils to appreciate the interrelationship of different roles and responsibilities within the team. It helps them to share the outcomes of their efforts and to take collective responsibility for them.


PE fosters independence by encouraging pupils to take responsibility for their physical wellbeing. They can then begin to make informed choices about how physical activity will play a part in their daily lives both in and out of school. Pupils can set goals and challenges for themselves, they take the initiative to organise and manage all aspects of an activity, including determining priorities, managing risks and working safely and with commitment to achieve their personal goals.

Effective participators

Becoming competent in PE naturally requires the active participation and engagement of the pupil. The competence and confidence students develop can help them to play a full part in the sporting life of the school and to engage in their chosen activities in the wider community. Pupils also have the opportunity to listen to others and to share and discuss their work. They learn how to provide constructive feedback and realise how their contributions can play a part in the success of others.

Reflective learners

In order to improve, pupils need to be able to evaluate their performances and those of others. In PE, pupils learn to ask themselves a range of questions when analysing a performance, to identify and evaluate strengths and weaknesses and find ways of refining the quality of a performance. These are ongoing processes that underpin learning, improvement and success in physical activity.